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                                   VISHNUGAD PIPALKOTI HEP (444 MW)

                                           (Under construction on river ALAKNANDA in DISTT. CHAMOLI, uttrakhand)  

Vishnugad-Pipalkoti Hydro Electric Project (4x111 MW) is a run-of-the-river scheme. It envisages construction of a 65 M high concrete diversion dam harnessing a gross head of 237 M on river Alaknanda (a major tributary of river Ganga). The project is located in district Chamoli in the state of Uttarakhand, 225 km from Rishikesh on NH-58.  

1.0     PROJECT BENEFITS

·        Capacity addition of 444 MW in the Northern Region, reducing peaking power shortage in the region.

·        Annual Design Energy of 1674 MU (90% dependable year).

·        Integrated Development of Chamoli / Garhwal region in the areas of employment, communication, education, health, tourism, development of Flora & Fauna etc.

·        Out of 13% free power to the home state Uttarakhand, 1% shall be utilized for contribution towards local area development.

 

 

2.0     PROJECT APPROVALS

Sl. No.

Description of Approvals

Date

1

Signing of MoU between THDCIL and GoUK for investigation & preparation of DPR

08.04.2003

2

Approval of Commercial viability of the project by CEA.

Feb'2005

3

Signing of Implementation agreement.

02.06.2006

4

Approval of Techno-Economic clearance to the project by CEA.

Sep'2006

5

Investment approval to the project amounting to Rs. 2491.58 Cr (March-08 PL) by CCEA.

21.08.2008

6

Revision in "Minimum Environmental Flow" by MoEF from 3 Cumecs to 15.65 Cumecs. 

31.05.2011

7

Stage-1 clearance of 80.507 Ha forest land by MoEF.

03.06.2011

8

Final approval for transfer of 80.507 Ha of forest land by MoEF. 

28.05.2013

9

Issuance of G.O. for transfer of 80.507 Ha of forest land by GoUK.

06.12.2013

10

Signing of Lease agreement for 80.507 Ha. Forest land.

05.04.2014

11

Declaration of Land (identified for compensatory afforestation) as protected forest in lieu of 80.507 Ha. forest land.

26.08.2014

 

 

3.0             REVISED COST ESTIMATE

Investment approval to the project amounting to ` 2491.58 Cr (March-08 PL) was accorded by CCEA in Aug'2008. Due to time overrun in the project, as desired by MoP, RCE at Dec-15 PL (along with the proposal of Time and Cost overrun) of ` 3361.22 Cr (including IDC & FC of ` 256.47 Cr.) was submitted to MoP vide letter dated 22.10.2016 for approval. Now, MOP vide letter dtd. 29.05.2017 directed to initiate the RCE of VPHEP at the earliest. Necessary actions have been initiated to prepare the RCE at current price level and updated RCE at May'17 PL shall be submitted to MoP by Oct'17.      

4.0 MAJOR WORKS

Major civil works includes a 65 M high Concrete dam, 13.4 Km long Head Race Tunnel, 3.07 Km long Tail Race Tunnel, Spillways, Underground Power House & Transformer hall, 3 nos. under ground Sedimentation Chambers, U/S and D/S Surge Shafts.

 

5.0 PROJECT FUNDING

Construction of the project is proposed to be funded with a Debt: Equity ratio of 70:30. The Equity portion; 50% is to be shared by THDCIL and remaining 50 % is to be shared by GOI and GOUP in the ratio of 75: 25 respectively.

For the funding of the debt portion (70 %) of the project, loan agreement for US $ 648 million has been signed with World Bank on 10th Aug-11. The loan includes US $ 10 million for Capacity Building and Institutional Strengthening (CBIS).The loan has become effective from 7th Nov-11 with tenure of 29 years. 

 

  6.0   PRELIMINARY PROJECT WORKS:

Investigations:

·        Geological investigations at all locations of the project and various required studies have been completed.

 

    Rehabilitation & Resettlement :

THDC India Ltd has formulated a Rehabilitation & Resettlement policy (R&R Policy) for the Vishnugad Pipalkoti Hydro Electric Project. The Policy is based on the National Rehabilitation & Resettlement Policy 2007 (NRRP-2007) incorporating the better features considering the World Bank Guidelines on Involuntary Settlement and needs & expectations of the stakeholders.

 

The Policy addresses the R&R issues through proactive approach and appropriate Planning on Land Acquisition. Besides disbursement of compensation by Special Land Acquisition Officer (SLAO), the Policy envisages provisions of grants and other benefits considering the categories and the Entitlements.

 

 

For effective implementation of R&R policy, Rehabilitation Action Plan (RAP) has been formulated so that after reasonable transition period, the affected families improve, at least regain their previous standard of living, earning capacity and production levels.

 

   Land Acquisition:

 

·        A total of 132.029 Ha. of Private land and forest land has been acquired for VPHEP of which 31.639 Ha is Private Land and 100.39 Ha is Forest Land.

 

·        The Implementation of Rehabilitation Action Plan (RAP) and R&R related Activities are presently under Progress. The Project has taken over the possession of requisite 31.639 Ha. of Private Land across 7 Villages. Around 94% of Compensation amount has been disbursed by Special Land Acquisition Officer (SLAO). Of the 07 Affected Villages, only one village i.e. Haat is getting relocated.

 

·        In village Haat 20.337 Ha land has been acquired. Through District Administration 83 residents households have been identified. 77 families have signed agreement with THDCIL, 77 have constructed houses and 72 have shifted. 55 families have demolished their houses.

 

·        The process of extending the Special Package among "Non-Residents" House Owners as per eligibility is underway. District Administration has verified the list of 50 Non-Resident HSO's. The registration has been completed for 28 HSO's & 26 Houses demolished.

 

·        Settlement with all 09 ST Families reached at. Of the 09 families, 02 Families have already signed agreement & an amount INR 01 Million disbursed as well. Families have shifted.

 

·        Agreement stands signed with another 07 families & 1st Installment of INR 03 Lacs of the INR 01 Million has also been released. ST Families have already purchased 08 Naali of land for their relocation. Development of Area including providing necessary infrastructure facilities at relocation site has been completed by THDCIL. Construction of house by 1st  Family has commenced recently.

 

Social Responsibilities:

 

·        Various skills up-gradation & income restoration programs are being undertaken for livelihood promotion and better employment opportunities for the Project Affected People (PAP). Various Trainings comprising of dairy farming, vermin composing, cutting & tailoring, knitting, kroiler management, Napier grass production, Production of cash crops, promotion of Tulsi for herbal medicines, horticulture activities, bee keeping etc. have been imparted to PAPs. Apart from this, Vocational Trainings in hotel management, skill enhancement activities, etc. are also undertaken, in coordination with various institutes like GMR Foundation, Dr. Reddy Foundation, and Industrial Training Institutes in nearby areas.

 

·        The training on knitting & tailoring has already been imparted among women at village Salna wherein around 34 women from village got benefitted and have started activity of their own. Similar Training was imparted among women SHG`s at Relocation site at Daswana previously. The SHGs have completed knitting sweaters as per requirement and the sweaters have been purchased by THDCIL at Rs. 450 per piece. The sweaters are given to the needy children studying in Primary School. The activity has since become rotational due to which more demand are being received by Project. THDCIL, considering the demand, have procured 2 Knitting Machines and given to SHGs at Haat & El Dana. The Trainer, as & when required for training, is deputed by Project.

 

·        Under Income Generation programme, during June, 2017, 8 Women PAP`s from village Guniyal, Haat & Jaisal attended 3 Days Training on Promoting Oyster Mushroom cultivation as a tool of employment generation / livelihood at Dehradun. The Officials from THDCIL & HERDS, NGO accompanied the PAP`s for above Training. The Training was imparted by Ms. Divya Rawat, a progressive mushroom grower & President Award winner, popularly known as "Mushroom Lady'' of Uttarakhand. The PAP`s at conclusion of above Training were given a Tool Kit for promotion of Oyster Mushroom cultivation at their respective Project Affected Villages.

 

·        The Public Information Center (PIC) established at Gulabkoti has been equipped with computers. A trainer has been engaged by Project & basic training on Computers is being imparted among youths of Gulabkoti & nearby village. The local youths interested in computers are being imparted training from time to time. Till date around 12 Youths have been benefitted.

 

·        Various community development programs in affected villages are in progress that comprise of; Infrastructure activities, drinking water supply, distribution of generators, school bags, School Uniforms, Sweaters, Solar Lights etc.

 

·        The Scholarship Policy of VPHEP is in the process of implementation ever since its inception in 2010. Till date, around 924 students that include 506 Girls from Project Affected Villages have been benefitted from the said Scheme. A Cumulative Expenditure of Rs.37.14 Lacs stand incurred till academic year 2016-17.

 

Infrastructure works:

All four bridges, approach roads to bridges, colony area, Dam site and Power house site, have been completed.          

Most of the infrastructure development works have been completed.  

Supply and installation of equipment of dam site sub-station has been completed and sub-station has been handed over to THDCIL. Installation of equipment in Power House Sub-station building by UPCL has been completed.    

                                     

7.0 PROJECT STATUS: Project is being executed through two separate EPC contracts and one Design Review Consultancy Package.

 

1.   Design Review Consultancy:

Contract Agreement for Design Review Consultancy Package has been signed on 28th Dec-13 with M/S SMEC International Pty Ltd, Australia amounting to INR ` 10 Cr (appx.) and AUS $ 557 thousand (appx.). The work is in progress.

 [

2.   Civil works and Hydro - Mechanical works :   

Civil & HM works awarded to M/S HCC Ltd and agreement has been signed on 17.01.2014 amounting to INR 1597 Cr (appx.).

 

The structure wise progress is placed at Exhibit - V.

 

3.  Electro - Mechanical works:

Subsequent to signing of contract agreement with M/s BHEL on 18.11.2014, the progress is as under:

·        Model testing of Turbine has been completed.

·        Power House Station Layout and longitudinal section has been approved. BFV Chamber Plan & Section View is approved.

·        Measurement of soil resistivity at five locations (TRT outlet area, Intake tunnel area, Access tunnel area, Cable tunnel, Ventilation tunnel, pothead yard and GIS control area) of project has been conducted, on remaining six locations (Power intake area, Penstock tunnel area, Tailrace tunnel area, Power house and transformer halls, Butterfly valve area and PAC Area), shall be conducted on availability of fronts.

·        Crane clearance diagram of EOT crane for Power house, BFV and GIS Hall and master drawing list has been finalized.

·        Design documents/drawings related to Turbine i.e Runner, Shaft, servomotor, guide bearing and control gear of turbine, Draft Tube etc. has been approved.

·        Design drawings and documents of generator are approved.

·        Single line diagram of 400 kV GIS, Pothead yard and Basic Design of Protection system (i.e Main Single Line Diagram) are approved.

·        Design Calculation of Earthing system, Design Memorandum of Excitation System, HVAC, Passenger Elevator, Illumination system, Earthing system, Lubricating Oil Handling System, Mechanical Workshop and Documents related to drainage dewatering calculation & diagram are approved.

·        Design Basis report for fire Protection and Detection System is approved.

·        Design documents/drawings of Auxiliary transformers are approved.

·        Design Documents related to MIV and BFV i.e Design memorandum, General Arrangement and Loads and Foundation etc. are approved.

Balance Design and Engineering is in progress.

 

8.0 ISSUES TO BE RESOLVED:

 

8.1  Maintaining Law and Order at Vishnugad Pipalkoti Hydro Electric Project (444MW), Distt. Chamoli.

 

·        Local villagers had stopped all the Dam site works since 13.05.2017 evening to press for their undue demands. Exhausting all persuasive efforts, THDCIL submitted a petition against four villagers in the Honb'le District Court on 09.06.2017 for relief. Temporary injunction to restrain the locals of Helong village from creating any obstruction has been passed by the Hon'ble Distt. Court on 28.06.2017. After prolonged persuasion by THDCIL, Distt. Administration and also with the intervention of the Hon'ble Distt. Court, 'dharna' by the Helong villagers was finally called off on 03.07.2017 evening. Regular support of Distt. Administration is required for continued smooth execution of works at site.   

 

8.2  Cash Crunch faced by Contractor:

·     The project works are almost in standstill position due to financial problems of the civil works contractor M/s HCC. The works are moving towards demobilization stage due to inadequate deployment of resources by M/s HCC. Subsequent to approval of the Board for extending financial assistance, part gap funding support was provided to the contractor against BG in phases to improve the resource deployment at various work fronts. The contractor is facing problem in arranging even Bank Guarantees for further gap funding support, therefore this part financial support against BG provided to HCC could not bring the project on track.

 

·        Due to cash crunch faced, Contractor (M/S HCC) is not able to augment required resources, required spares for equipment and timely payments to PRWs severely affecting work progress.

 

·        The project works (PSP and VPHEP) were almost in standstill position during last few months. The works were moving towards demobilization stage due to inadequate deployment of resources by M/s HCC.

 

·        Subsequent to meeting with Secretary, GoI, MoP on 30.05.2017, THDCIL Board in its 186th meeting held on 15.06.2017 approved to provide interest bearing additional Working Capital advance (Rs. 25 Crs for PSP and Rs. 37.5 Crs. for VPHEP) to M/s HCC against Performance Bank Guarantee (PBGs) already available with THDCIL. Working capital advance is being released in phases for PSP and VPHEP.

 

9.0  EXPENDITURE ON THE PROJECT:

The expenditure incurred on VPHEP Project till July-17 is ` 1214.92 Cr. including IDC & FC of ` 50.32 Cr.

 

10.0 COMMISSIONING SCHEDULE:

The project was originally conceived to be commissioned within 54 months from the award of Civil and HM works i.e. by July'2018. Contract for Electro-mechanical works could be signed in November'2014 with a completion period of 48 months i.e. by Nov.'2018. Based on the current assessment, project is expected to be commissioned by Nov-2020. The same has been apprised to the Board in its 186th  meeting held on 15.06.17

 

11.0   BUDGET ESTIMATE V/S EXPENDITURE:

During July-17, an expenditure of ` 25.63 Cr. has been incurred on VPHEP against budget estimate of ` 48.52 Cr.

 

Structure wise progress of Civil works

                                                                                                                         

No.

Structure

Unit

Total Qty

Executed

Total Achieved
(%)

Balance Qty

Remarks

in

June-17

up to June-17

 in

  July-17

A

River Diversion

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

Inlet C&C Excavation

RM

52

0

52

0

52(100%)

Nil

 

2

Inlet C&C Raft Concrete

RM

52

0

52

0

52(100%)

Nil

Balance Works- Side Walls, Slabs, Cladding walls etc.

3

Outlet C&C Raft & Wall, Slab Concrete

Cum

1600

0

1147

0

1147 (72%)

453

Balance works-Slab concrete.

4

Kerb

RM

494

0

429

11

440 (87%)

54

Balance Works- Balance kerb, overt & complete invert lining (494m) etc.

5

Overt

RM

494

0

366.62

0

366.62

127.38

6

DSPT Form Works

Job%

100%

0

40%

0

40%

60%

 

B

Intake

 

 

0

 

0

 

 

 

1

Offtake Adit to Intake(El. 1260 to 1242 m) (Intake Adit II)

RM

245

0

89

0

89(36.32%)

156

No progress during the month. Work stopped at Dam site from 13.05.17 to 03.07.17 due to local agitation. Now inadequate resource deployment hampering the progress.

2

Additional Construction Adit for Intake Open excavation (1265 to 1288) (Intake Adit III)

RM

190

0

83.8

0

83.8(44.1%)

106.5

3

Intake Feeder 1 excavation

RM

160

0

14

0

14 (8.75%)

146

 

4

Intake Feeder 2 excavation

RM

200

0

2

12

14 (7%)

198

 

C

Desilting Chamber Area

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

DC-1 Crown Slashing

RM

390

-

-

-

390 (100%)

Nil

Completed on 10.12.16. Balance Works- Complete Benching in DC-1.

2

DC-1 U/s Transition Slasing

RM

35

0

-

0

35 (100%)

Nil

Completed on 18.02.17.

3

DC-1 D/s Transition Slasing

RM

20

0

-

0

20 (100%)

Nil

Completed on 26.04.17.

4

DC-2 Crown Slashing

RM

390

 

 

 

0

279.5

 

 

 

8.5

288 (73.8%)

102

Work stopped at Dam site from 13.05.17 to 03.07.17 due to local agitation. Now inadequate resource deployment hampering the progress. Balance works- Remaining crown slashing & complete benching.

5

DC-2 U/s Transition  Slashing

RM

35

0

35

0

35 (100%)

Nil

Completed on 11.05.17.                   

 

 

 

6

DC-3 Crown Slashing

RM

390

 

 

 

0

224.5

 

 

 

10

234.5 (60%)

155.5

Work stopped at Dam site from 13.05.17 to 03.07.17 due to local agitation. Now inadequate resource deployment hampering the progress. Balance works- Remaining crown slashing & complete benching.

D

HRT Area

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

Adit to HRT GOC

RM

398

0

235

2

237 (60%)

161

Work stopped at Dam site from 13.05.17 to 03.07.17 due to local agitation. Shortage of manpower is hindering the works .

2

Branch Tunnel -1

RM

119

0

105

 

0

105 (88%)

14

3

Branch Tunnel -4

RM

72

0

17.5

13

30.5 (24.3%)

41.5

Started on 27.04.17.

4

Adit to SFT

RM

124 aprox.

0

28.5

0

28.5 (23%)

95.5

Work stopped at Dam site from 13.05.17 to 03.07.17 due to local agitation. Shortage of manpower is hindering the works.

5

Adit to SFT GoC

RM

150

0

15

0

15 (10%)

135

6

Main HRT by DBM-Heading

RM

960

0

133.5

14

147.5 (15%)

812.5

7

Open Excavation in Dam Left Bank above EL 1270

Cum

125000

0

82000

0

82000 (65.6%)

43000

There is no progress in open excavation due to ongoing works in outlet area of Diversion tunnel.

E

Power House Area

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

PH Cavern-Top Heading Side Slashing

 

RM

146

1m-Left Side

69m-Right

59m-Left

 

10m-Left Side

69m-Right

69m-Left

(47.2%)

77m-Right

77m-Left

Due to technical reasons, right hand side slashing was on hold. Now side slashing to be taken up simultaneously on both side. Inadequate resource deployment by Contractor hampering the progress.

2

Drainage Gallery

RM

348

51

348

0

348 (100%)

Nil

Completed on 30.06.17.

3

TH Cavern-Top Heading Side Slashing

 

RM

140.27

0

51

0

51 (36%)

89.3

During side slashing, a huge rock fall occurred on 19.01.2017 from the crown of the pilot tunnel between chainage 42m to 56m. Additional support measures are being taken. Further slashing shall start after providing all additional support measures. Inadequate resource deployment by Contractor (Unavailability of couplers for rock bolting since Feb'17) hampering the progress. 

4

MAT

RM

413.5

0

397.5

0

397.5 (96.1%)

16

Excavation on hold from downstream side wall of the Transformer Hall till the time it is not required as per the construction methodology.

F

DS Surge Shaft

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

Adit to D/s Surge Tank Bottom

RM

352

0

168.77

5

173.77 (49.4%)

178.23

Inadequate resource deployment by Contractor hampering the progress. 

2

Adit to D/s Surge Tank Top

RM

52.5

0

52.5

0

52.5 (100%)

Nil

Completed on   09.05.17.  

3

Excavation of D/s Surge tank

RM

 

-

-

1

1

 

 

G

TBM Area Works

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

Road to TBM Platform

Job%

100%

1%

91%

1%

91%

9%

 

2

Development of TBM Platform

Job%

100%

0

95%

0

95%

5%

Balance Works-Casting/Curing yard, Diesel Storage tank, Storage bins for material, Platform extension etc. Inadequate resource deployment by Contractor hampering the progress. 

3

TBM Launching Chamber (DBM) -50m  Heading

RM

 

 

50

 

 

0

 

 

14

 

 

1

 

 

15 (30%)

 

 

15

Construction of cradle for TBM erection at platform completed. Excavation in TBM launching chamber started. Balance works- TBM supply, assembly & commissioning.

H

US Surge Shaft

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

Road from TBM Platform to U/S SS

Job%

100%

0

22.5%

0

22.5%

77.5%

 

2

Bottom  Adit to U/S SS

RM

325.5

0

49

1

50 (15.4%)

275.5

Shortage of resources (sand).    Hampering the progress. Balance work- Remaining Adit & Excavation of U/s Surge Tank.            

I

TRT Works

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

Branch Adit to TRT From PH Area

RM

635

-

635

-

635 (100%)

  Nil

 

2

Open excavation at TRT Outlet Portal

 

Job

100%

0

40%

0

40%

60%

No significant progress has been made at this front. Work delayed due to local agitation and Inadequate resource deployment by Contractor hampering the progress. 

3

TRT main (U/S)

RM

3070

0

15

0

(0.8%)

3045

Balance work- Remaining Excavation of TRT. Inadequate resource deployment by Contractor hampering the progress.