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Current Status

Vishnugad-Pipalkoti Hydro Electric Project (4x111 MW) is a run-of-the-river scheme. It envisages construction of a 65 M high concrete diversion dam harnessing a gross head of 237 M on river Alaknanda (a major tributary of river Ganga). The project is located in district Chamoli in the state of Uttarakhand, 225 km from Rishikesh on NH-58.


·        Capacity addition of 444 MW in the Northern Region, reducing peaking power shortage in the region.

·        Annual Design Energy of 1674 MU (90% dependable year).

·        Integrated Development of Chamoli / Garhwal region in the areas of employment, communication, education, health, tourism, development of Flora & Fauna etc.

·        Out of 13% free power to the home state Uttarakhand, 1% shall be utilized for contribution towards local area development.



Sl. No.

Description of Approvals



Signing of MoU between THDCIL and GoUK for investigation & preparation of DPR



Approval of Commercial viability of the project by CEA.



Signing of Implementation agreement.



Approval of Techno-Economic clearance to the project by CEA.



Investment approval to the project amounting to Rs. 2491.58 Cr (March-08 PL) by CCEA.



Revision in "Minimum Environmental Flow" by MoEF from 3 Cumecs to 15.65 Cumecs. 



Stage-1 clearance of 80.507 Ha forest land by MoEF.



Final approval for transfer of 80.507 Ha of forest land by MoEF. 



Issuance of G.O. for transfer of 80.507 Ha of forest land by GoUK.



Signing of Lease agreement for 80.507 Ha. Forest land.



Declaration of Land (identified for compensatory afforestation) as protected forest in lieu of 80.507 Ha. forest land.




            Major civil works includes a 65 M high Concrete dam, 13.4 Km long Head Race Tunnel, 3.07 Km long Tail Race Tunnel, Spillways, Underground Power House & Transformer hall,   3 nos. under ground Sedimentation Chambers, U/S and D/S Surge Shafts. The layout plan of the project is enclosed as Exhibit - III.


Investment approval to the project amounting to Rs. 2491.58 Cr (March-08 PL) was accorded by CCEA in Aug'2008. Considering the award values of Civil & HM works and Electro-mechanical works, no need has been felt to update the Cost Estimate of VPHEP at present as the project cost is not likely to exceed the approved cost by more than 20% of the sanctioned cost (Rs. 2491.58 Cr.). Mandatory review of the cost shall be done when expenditure amounting to 50% of the approved cost is incurred or it is felt that the cost of project is likely to exceed the approved cost by more than specified limit of 20%.      



Construction of the project is proposed to be funded with a Debt: Equity ratio of 70:30. The Equity portion; 50% is to be shared by THDCIL and remaining 50 % is to be shared by GOI and GOUP in the ratio of 75: 25 respectively.

For the funding of the debt portion (70 %) of the project, loan agreement for US $ 648 million has been signed with World Bank on 10th Aug-11. The loan includes US $ 10 million for Capacity Building and Institutional Strengthening (CBIS).The loan has become effective from 7th Nov-11 with tenure of 29 years.  

6.0       PROJECT STATUS: Project is being executed through two separate EPC

     Contracts and one Design Review Consultancy Package.



Geological investigations at all locations of the project and various required studies have been completed.


Rehabilitation & Resettlement :

THDC India Ltd has formulated a Rehabilitation & Resettlement policy (R&R Policy) for the Vishnugad Pipalkoti Hydro Electric Project. The Policy is based on the National Rehabilitation & Resettlement Policy 2007 (NRRP-2007) incorporating the better features considering the World Bank Guidelines on Involuntary Settlement and needs & expectations of the stakeholders.

The Policy addresses the R&R issues through proactive approach and appropriate Planning on Land Acquisition. Besides disbursement of compensation by Special Land Acquisition Officer (SLAO), the Policy envisages provisions of grants and other benefits considering the categories and the Entitlements.


For effective implementation of R&R policy, Rehabilitation Action Plan (RAP) has been formulated so that after reasonable transition period, the affected families improve, at least regain their previous standard of living, earning capacity and production levels. For implementation of R&R activities, a reputed local NGO Shri Bhuvneshwari Mahila Ashram (SBMA) has been engaged.   

Land Acquisition:  

·        A total of 132.029 Ha. of Private land and forest land has been acquired for VPHEP of which 31.639 Ha is Private Land and 100.39 Ha is Forest Land .

·        The Implementation of Rehabilitation Action Plan (RAP) and R&R related Activities are presently under Progress. The Project has taken over the possession of requisite 31.639 Ha. of Private Land across 7 Villages. Around 88% Title Holders (TH) have received Land Compensation from Special Land Acquisition Officer (SLAO). Of the 07 Affected Villages, only one village i.e. Haat is getting relocated.

·        In village Haat 20.337 Ha land has been acquired. Through District Administration 83 residents households have been identified. 73 families have signed agreement with THDCIL, 73 have constructed houses and 64 have shifted. 44 families have demolished their houses.   

Infrastructure works:

All four bridges, approach roads to bridges, colony area, Dam site and Power house site, have been completed.          

Most of the infrastructure development works have been completed.  

The civil works of Dam Site Substation building has been completed. Supply of equipment has been completed. Installation of equipment is in progress. Installation of equipment in Power House Sub-station building by UPCL has been completed.                                                           

7.0      Award of Main Work

1.      Design Review Consultancy:

     Contract Agreement for Design Review Consultancy Package has been signed on 28th Dec-13 with M/S SMEC International Pty Ltd, Australia amounting to INR ` 10 Cr (appx.) and AUS $ 557 thousand (appx.). The work is in progress.

2.      Civil works and Hydro - Mechanical works :

 Civil & HM works awarded to M/S HCC Ltd and Agreement has been signed on 17.01.2014 amounting to INR 1597 Cr (appx.).  


The progress is as under: 

·       Heading & Benching Excavation in the entire length (494 RM) of Diversion tunnel has been completed. Kerb concreting in left side of the tunnel in a length of 239 m out of 494 m and in right side in a length of about 255 m out of 494m has been placed. In overt part concrete lining of 117.7 m has been completed. Excavation of Cut & cover at inlet and outlet is in progress. All HM equipment for River Diversion are ready. River diversion is rescheduled on 8th Dec-16.

·        For desilting Chamber- 1, 100% pilot excavation (390 m) has been completed. Excavation in transition portion has been done in a length of 36.5 m. Crown slashing in DC-1 is in progress and achieved in a length of 94 m.

·        For desilting Chamber- 2, Pilot tunnel of 8 m dia. in a total length of 387.5 RM has been excavated out of total 390 RM. Excavation in u/s transition portion completed upto 29.5m out of 35m & u/s side slashing upto 15.5m.

·         For desilting Chamber- 3, Pilot tunnel of 8 m dia. in a total length of 82 RM has been excavated out of total 390 RM.

·        In Adit to HRT (Adit - 2), 100% excavation completed on 13th March-16 under Very good rating. Excavation of HRT by DBM from dam site started on 25.03.2016 & completed upto 4m.

·        In Adit to Intake, 100% excavation completed on 26.03.2016.

·        Open excavation in left bank Dam area above EL 1270 is in progress.

·        In Ventilation Tunnel (VT) / Adit to Power House Top, 100% excavation (415 RM) has been completed on 27.11.2015.

·        Excavation of Pilot Tunnel in Power House could be done only in a length of 94 m out of total length 146m.    

·        Excavation in Branch Adit to transformer Hall Top (from ventilation Tunnel) completed on 05.03.2016. Excavation of Pilot tunnel in Transformer hall completed in a length of 35 m out of 142m. 

·        In Main Access Tunnel (MAT), excavation has been done upto a length of 275.5 RM out of 407 RM.

·        In Adit to TRT, excavation has been done up to a length of 290 RM out of 609 RM.

·        Development of TBM Platform (300m x 75 m) is in progress. 95% excavation work has been completed. Foundation & cable trench works for DG sets are in progress. Approach road to TBM platform for transportation of TBM is in progress in patches amid resistance by some local residents.

·      Open excavation in TRT (Tail Race Tunnel): Progress in outlet area is affected due to frequent stoppage by local villagers.

·      After completing Portal development works, excavation in bottom Adit to U/S Surge shaft has been completed in a length of 10 m.  

·        Honb'le District Court against THDCIL's petitions has passed orders for temporary injunction to restrain the residents of village Haat / Harsaari (Power House site) and Gulabkoti (Dam site) from creating any obstruction. Next dates of hearing are18.04.2016 (For dam site) and 08.04.2016 (For Power House). For Durgapur village (TRT outlet area), as agreed with the villagers in the meeting with DM on 08.04.2015, required studies are being conducted by NIRM. Villagers have been advised by the Distt. Administration not to stop the work. A case has been filed against local Durgapur villagers in Honb'le District Court. Next date of hearing is 11.04.2016. The work on the project sites is in progress with minor hindrances by the villagers.

  3. Electro - Mechanical works:

The Electro-mechanical works have been awarded to Ms BHEL, Noida and contract has been entered into on 18.11.2014 for total Contract Price of ` 360.36 Cr. and US$ 10.20 million with a completion period of 48 months w.e.f. 18.11.2014. Mobilization Advance of ` 33.71 Cr. and US $ 1.02 Million (approx.) has been released to M/s BHEL in Jan.'2015. Power House Station Layout has been finalized. Balance Design and Engineering is in progress.   


The expenditure incurred on VPHEP Project till March-16 is ` 824.04Cr. including IDC & FC of   ` 28.94 Cr.



The project was originally conceived to be commissioned within 54 months from the award of Civil and HM works i.e. by July'2018. Contract for Electro-mechanical works could be signed in November'2014 with a completion period of 48 months i. e. by  Nov.'2018. As per Master Control Network prepared dovetailing the Civil & HM and EM Works, anticipated commissioning is Dec'19.




During March-16, an expenditure of ` 9.93 Cr. has been incurred on VPHEP against  budget estimate of ` 24.35Cr. While cumulative expenditure upto March-16 is ` 231.60Cr. against budget estimate of `  413.62Cr.