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                                   VISHNUGAD PIPALKOTI HEP (444 MW)

                                                                                               (Under construction)

Vishnugad-Pipalkoti Hydro Electric Project (4x111 MW) is a run-of-the-river scheme. It envisages construction of a 65 M high concrete diversion dam harnessing a gross head of 237 M on river Alaknanda (a major tributary of river Ganga). The project is located in district Chamoli in the state of Uttarakhand, 225 km from Rishikesh on NH-58.


·        Capacity addition of 444 MW in the Northern Region, reducing peaking power shortage in the region.

·        Annual Design Energy of 1674 MU (90% dependable year).

·        Integrated Development of Chamoli / Garhwal region in the areas of employment, communication, education, health, tourism, development of Flora & Fauna etc.

·        Out of 13% free power to the home state Uttarakhand, 1% shall be utilized for contribution towards local area development.




Sl. No.

Description of Approvals



Signing of MoU between THDCIL and GoUK for investigation & preparation of DPR



Approval of Commercial viability of the project by CEA.



Signing of Implementation agreement.



Approval of Techno-Economic clearance to the project by CEA.



Investment approval to the project amounting to Rs. 2491.58 Cr (March-08 PL) by CCEA.



Revision in “Minimum Environmental Flow” by MoEF from 3 Cumecs to 15.65 Cumecs. 



Stage-1 clearance of 80.507 Ha forest land by MoEF.



Final approval for transfer of 80.507 Ha of forest land by MoEF. 



Issuance of G.O. for transfer of 80.507 Ha of forest land by GoUK.



Signing of Lease agreement for 80.507 Ha. Forest land.



Declaration of Land (identified for compensatory afforestation) as protected forest in lieu of 80.507 Ha. forest land.




Investment approval to the project amounting to ` 2491.58 Cr (March-08 PL) was accorded by CCEA in Aug’2008. Due to time overrun in the project, as desired by MoP, RCE at Dec-15 PL (along with the proposal of Time and Cost overrun) of ` 3361.22 Cr (including IDC & FC of ` 256.47 Cr.) was submitted to MoP vide letter dated 22.10.2016 for approval. Now, the revised cost estimate shall be updated and resubmitted to MoP at a stage when 50% expenditure of the approved cost is incurred.      


Major civil works includes a 65 M high Concrete dam, 13.4 Km long Head Race Tunnel, 3.07 Km long Tail Race Tunnel, Spillways, Underground Power House & Transformer hall, 3 nos. under ground Sedimentation Chambers, U/S and D/S Surge Shafts.   


Construction of the project is proposed to be funded with a Debt: Equity ratio of 70:30. The Equity portion; 50% is to be shared by THDCIL and remaining 50 % is to be shared by GOI and GOUP in the ratio of 75: 25 respectively.

For the funding of the debt portion (70 %) of the project, loan agreement for US $ 648 million has been signed with World Bank on 10th Aug-11. The loan includes US $ 10 million for Capacity Building and Institutional Strengthening (CBIS).The loan has become effective from 7th Nov-11 with tenure of 29 years. 




·        Geological investigations at all locations of the project and various required studies have been completed.


    Rehabilitation & Resettlement :

THDC India Ltd has formulated a Rehabilitation & Resettlement policy (R&R Policy) for the Vishnugad Pipalkoti Hydro Electric Project. The Policy is based on the National Rehabilitation & Resettlement Policy 2007 (NRRP-2007) incorporating the better features considering the World Bank Guidelines on Involuntary Settlement and needs & expectations of the stakeholders.


The Policy addresses the R&R issues through proactive approach and appropriate Planning on Land Acquisition. Besides disbursement of compensation by Special Land Acquisition Officer (SLAO), the Policy envisages provisions of grants and other benefits considering the categories and the Entitlements.



For effective implementation of R&R policy, Rehabilitation Action Plan (RAP) has been formulated so that after reasonable transition period, the affected families improve, at least regain their previous standard of living, earning capacity and production levels.


   Land Acquisition:  

·        A total of 132.029 Ha. of Private land and forest land has been acquired for VPHEP of which 31.639 Ha is Private Land and 100.39 Ha is Forest Land.  

·        The Implementation of Rehabilitation Action Plan (RAP) and R&R related Activities are presently under Progress. The Project has taken over the possession of requisite 31.639 Ha. of Private Land across 7 Villages. Around 94% of Compensation amount has been disbursed by Special Land Acquisition Officer (SLAO). Of the 07 Affected Villages, only one village i.e. Haat is getting relocated.  

·        In village Haat 20.337 Ha land has been acquired. Through District Administration 83 residents households have been identified. 77 families have signed agreement with THDCIL, 77 have constructed houses and 72 have shifted. 54 families have demolished their houses.  

·        The process of extending the Special Package among “Non-Residents” House Owners as per eligibility is underway. District Administration has verified the list of 50 Non-Resident HSO’s. The registration has been completed for 28 HSO’s & 25 Houses demolished.   

Social Responsibilities:

·        Various skills up-gradation & income restoration programs are being undertaken for livelihood promotion and better employment opportunities for the Project Affected People (PAP). Various Trainings comprising of dairy farming, vermin composing, cutting & tailoring, knitting, kroiler management, Napier grass production, Production of cash crops, promotion of Tulsi for herbal medicines, horticulture activities, bee keeping etc. have been imparted to PAPs. Apart from this, Vocational Trainings in hotel management, skill enhancement activities, etc. are also undertaken, in coordination with various institutes like GMR Foundation, Dr. Reddy Foundation, and Industrial Training Institutes in nearby areas.

·        The training on knitting & tailoring has already been imparted among women at village Salna wherein around 34 women from village got benefitted and have started activity of their own. Similar Training was imparted among women SHG`s at Relocation site at Daswana previously. The SHGs have completed knitting sweaters as per requirement and the sweaters have been purchased by THDCIL at Rs. 450 per piece. The sweaters are given to the needy children studying in Primary School. The activity has since become rotational due to which more demand are being received by Project. THDCIL, considering the demand, have procured 2 Knitting Machines and given to SHGs at Haat & El Dana. The Trainer, as & when required for training, is deputed by Project.   

·        The Public Information Center (PIC) established at Gulabkoti has been equipped with computers. A trainer has been engaged by Project & basic training on Computers is being imparted among youths of Gulabkoti & nearby village. The local youths interested in computers are being imparted training from time to time. Till date around 12 Youths have been benefitted.   

·        Various community development programs in affected villages are in progress that comprise of; Infrastructure activities, drinking water supply, distribution of generators, school bags, School Uniforms, Sweaters, Solar Lights etc.  

·        The Scholarship Policy of VPHEP is in the process of implementation ever since its inception in 2010. Till date, around 709 students that include 382 Girls from Project Affected Villages have been benefitted from the said Scheme. A Cumulative Expenditure of Rs. 21.40 Lacs stand incurred till academic year 2015-16.

·        The 1st Installment of the Scholarship Policy of VPHEP for the Academic year 2016-17 under all Categories has been disbursed. Around 215 students that include 124 Girls from Project Affected Villages have been benefitted. An amount of Rs. 7.87 Lacs have been incurred under said category. Process for release of 2nd Installment of assistance for current Academic year is in process.


Health Camp

·        Project in association with Nirmal Ashram Eye Institute, Rishikesh organised a Multi Disciplinary Health Camp at Primary Health Centre at Urgam on 26th Feb., 2017. Around 315 patients visited the camp and were administered medicines after undergoing check up by specialists. The spectacles etc. were distributed among the patients as per requirement. Around 07 patients were diagnosed for cataract surgery and were shifted to “Nirmal Hospital” Rishikesh for necessary cataract surgery.

·        SEWA, THDCIL, Rishikesh is providing a Mobile Health Van for VPHE Project.   

Infrastructure works:

All four bridges, approach roads to bridges, colony area, Dam site and Power house site, have been completed.          

Most of the infrastructure development works have been completed.  

Supply and installation of equipment of dam site sub-station has been completed and sub-station has been handed over to THDCIL. Installation of equipment in Power House Sub-station building by UPCL has been completed.    


7.0 PROJECT STATUS: Project is being executed through two separate EPC contracts and one Design Review Consultancy Package.


1.      Design Review Consultancy:

     Contract Agreement for Design Review Consultancy Package has been signed on 28th Dec-13 with M/S SMEC International Pty Ltd, Australia amounting to INR ` 10 Cr (appx.) and AUS $ 557 thousand (appx.). The work is in progress. [

2.      Civil works and Hydro - Mechanical works :   

      Civil & HM works awarded to M/S HCC Ltd and agreement has been signed on 17.01.2014 amounting to INR 1597 Cr (appx.).


The progress is as under: 

·        River Diversion: At outlet cut & cover, raft concreting is completed & side walls & retaining wall works are in progress. Work of outlet transition portion is in progress. At inlet cut & cover, raft for 1st & 2nd part has been completed and side walls’ work is in progress. Excavation in 3rd Part and reinforcement work for raft of excavated part is also in progress simultaneously. Overt concrete lining completed upto 326.26 m out of 494m. Progress is slow due to inadequate resource deployment. However, HCC is in the process of augmenting the resources. River diversion is presently scheduled in April’2017 which seems to be very difficult. However, all out efforts are being made to divert the river by April’2017.

·        For desilting Chamber- 1, Crown slashing in DC-1 completed in entire length of 390 m. Transition portion slashing completed in entire length of 35m on upstream and 8.5m out of 20m in downstream.

·        For desilting Chamber- 2, crown slashing  completed upto 258 m out of 390m. Transition portion slashing completed in a length of 13m out of 35m in upstream.

·        For desilting Chamber- 3, Pilot tunnel completed in entire length of 390 RM. Crown slashing completed upto 163.5 m out of 390m.

·        Excavation of HRT by DBM from dam site completed upto 110 m.

·        Excavation of Offtake adit to intake tunnels (EL 1242m) completed upto 87 m.

·        Excavation  of Adit from El. 1265m to 1288m completed in 81.8m length out of 190m.

·        Excavation of Intake Tunnel-1 started on 20.02.17 & completed upto 12m out of 160m from DC-1 side.

·        Excavation of Adit to SFT completed upto 28.5m.

·        Excavation of Branch Tunnel-1 (from HRT to DC-1) completed upto 73.5 m.

·        Adit to HRT gate operation chamber has been excavated in a length of 225 m from the portal.

·        Open excavation in left bank Dam area above EL 1270: There is no progress in open excavation due to ongoing works in outlet area of Diversion tunnel.

·        In Power House right side slashing completed upto 69 m & left side slashing completed upto 42 m out of 146m. Due to technical reasons, right hand side slashing is on hold and shall be taken up simultaneously with left hand side slashing after completing 69m on left side.    

·        In Transformer hall side slashing completed upto 51 m.

·        In Main Access Tunnel (MAT), excavation has been done upto a length of 397.5 RM out of 407 RM.

·        In Adit to TRT, excavation has been done up to a length of 628.5 RM out of 635 RM.

·        Development of TBM Platform (300m x 75 m) is in progress. Excavation work and slope stabilization works have almost been completed. Work of extension of TBM platform to accommodate the length of TBM for erection is in progress. Construction of cradle for TBM launching in front of TBM launching chamber is also in progress. Cash flow problem of Contractor led to inadequate resource deployment which has impacted the work progress. Supply of TBM components at site are expected by April’17. TBM launching chamber excavation has started on 24.01.2017 and 10m heading has been completed. Superstructure works of DG set is in progress.

·        Open excavation in TRT (Tail Race Tunnel): Excavation work at outlet is in progress since 21.11.2016.

·        Excavation in bottom Adit to U/S Surge shaft has been completed in a length of 40 m out of 325.5m.

·        Adit to bottom of Downstream Surge Shaft (352m): Excavation completed in 151.77m length out of 352m .

·        Adit to top of Downstream Surge Shaft (57m): Excavation completed in 27.5m length out of 57m.

·        Honb’le District Court against THDCIL’s petitions has passed orders for temporary injunction to restrain the residents of village Haat / Harsaari (Power House site) and Gulabkoti (Dam site) from creating any obstruction. For Gulabkoti (Dam site) last hearing was held on 30.08.16 and decision was given in favour of THDCIL. Next date of hearing for Haat/Harsari (For Power House) is 07.04.2017. For Durgapur village (TRT outlet area), as agreed with the villagers in the meeting with DM on 08.04.2015, required studies are being conducted by NIRM. Villagers have been advised by the Distt. Administration not to stop the work.   

Against THDCIL’s petition, temporary injunction has been granted by the Civil Judge on 05.10.16 in Durgapur village also. Next date of hearing is 01.05.2017.  

Progress of Civil works is severely affected due to inadequate resource deployment by M/s HCC on account of financial crisis with M/s HCC.   

3. Electro - Mechanical works:

Subsequent to signing of contract agreement with M/s BHEL on 18.11.2014, the progress is as under:

·        Model testing of Turbine has been completed.

·        Power House Station Layout has been approved. BFV Chamber Plan & Section View are approved.

·        Measurement of soil resistivity at five locations (TRT outlet area, Intake tunnel area, Access tunnel area, Cable tunnel, Ventilation tunnel, pothead yard and GIS control area) of project has been conducted, on remaining six locations (Power intake area, Penstock tunnel area, Tailrace tunnel area, Power house and transformer halls, Butterfly valve area and PAC Area), shall be conducted on availability of fronts.

·        Storage space for BHEL has been identified.

·        Crane clearance diagram of EOT crane for Power house, BFV and GIS Hall has been finalized.

·        Design documents/drawings related to Turbine i.e Runner, Shaft, servomotor, guide bearing and control gear of turbine, Draft Tube etc. has been approved.

·        Design drawings and documents of generator are approved.

·        Single line diagram of 400 kV GIS, Pothead yard and protection system is approved.

·        Design Memorandum of Excitation System, HVAC, Passenger Elevator, Illumination system, Earthing system and Documents related to drainage dewatering calculation & diagram are approved.

·        Design Basis for fire Protection and Detection System are approved.

·        Design documents/drawings of Auxiliary transformers are approved.

·        Balance Design and Engineering is in progress.  


The expenditure incurred on VPHEP Project till Mar-17 is ` 1148.27 Cr. including IDC & FC of ` 39.27 Cr.



The project was originally conceived to be commissioned within 54 months from the award of Civil and HM works i.e. by July’2018. Contract for Electro-mechanical works could be signed in November’2014 with a completion period of 48 months i.e. by Nov.’2018. As per Master Control Network prepared dovetailing the Civil & HM and EM Works, anticipated commissioning is Dec’19.



During  Mar-17, an expenditure of ` 108.70 Cr. has been incurred on VPHEP against budget estimate of ` 36.05 Cr.