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                                  VISHNUGAD PIPALKOTI HEP (444 MW)

                                                                                          (Under construction)

Vishnugad-Pipalkoti Hydro Electric Project (4x111 MW) is a run-of-the-river scheme. It envisages construction of a 65 M high concrete diversion dam harnessing a gross head of 237 M on river Alaknanda (a major tributary of river Ganga). The project is located in district Chamoli in the state of Uttarakhand, 225 km from Rishikesh on NH-58.


·        Capacity addition of 444 MW in the Northern Region, reducing peaking power shortage in the region.

·        Annual Design Energy of 1674 MU (90% dependable year).

·        Integrated Development of Chamoli / Garhwal region in the areas of employment, communication, education, health, tourism, development of Flora & Fauna etc.

·        Out of 13% free power to the home state Uttarakhand, 1% shall be utilized for contribution towards local area development.




Sl. No.

Description of Approvals



Signing of MoU between THDCIL and GoUK for investigation & preparation of DPR



Approval of Commercial viability of the project by CEA.



Signing of Implementation agreement.



Approval of Techno-Economic clearance to the project by CEA.



Investment approval to the project amounting to Rs. 2491.58 Cr (March-08 PL) by CCEA.



Revision in "Minimum Environmental Flow" by MoEF from 3 Cumecs to 15.65 Cumecs. 



Stage-1 clearance of 80.507 Ha forest land by MoEF.



Final approval for transfer of 80.507 Ha of forest land by MoEF. 



Issuance of G.O. for transfer of 80.507 Ha of forest land by GoUK.



Signing of Lease agreement for 80.507 Ha. Forest land.



Declaration of Land (identified for compensatory afforestation) as protected forest in lieu of 80.507 Ha. forest land.




Investment approval to the project amounting to ` 2491.58 Cr (March-08 PL) was accorded by CCEA in Aug'2008. Though the expenditure amounting to 50% of the approved cost has not been incurred but there is time overrun in the project. Therefore, as desired by MoP, RCE at Dec-15 PL (along with the proposal of Time and Cost overrun) of ` 3361.22 Cr (including IDC & FC of ` 256.47 Cr.) has been submitted to MoP vide letter dated 22.10.2016 for approval.     


Major civil works includes a 65 M high Concrete dam, 13.4 Km long Head Race Tunnel, 3.07 Km long Tail Race Tunnel, Spillways, Underground Power House & Transformer hall, 3 nos. under ground Sedimentation Chambers, U/S and D/S Surge Shafts.




Construction of the project is proposed to be funded with a Debt: Equity ratio of 70:30. The Equity portion; 50% is to be shared by THDCIL and remaining 50 % is to be shared by GOI and GOUP in the ratio of 75: 25 respectively.

For the funding of the debt portion (70 %) of the project, loan agreement for US $ 648 million has been signed with World Bank on 10th Aug-11. The loan includes US $ 10 million for Capacity Building and Institutional Strengthening (CBIS).The loan has become effective from 7th Nov-11 with tenure of 29 years.  




·        Geological investigations at all locations of the project and various required studies have been completed.


    Rehabilitation & Resettlement :

THDC India Ltd has formulated a Rehabilitation & Resettlement policy (R&R Policy) for the Vishnugad Pipalkoti Hydro Electric Project. The Policy is based on the National Rehabilitation & Resettlement Policy 2007 (NRRP-2007) incorporating the better features considering the World Bank Guidelines on Involuntary Settlement and needs & expectations of the stakeholders.


The Policy addresses the R&R issues through proactive approach and appropriate Planning on Land Acquisition. Besides disbursement of compensation by Special Land Acquisition Officer (SLAO), the Policy envisages provisions of grants and other benefits considering the categories and the Entitlements.


For effective implementation of R&R policy, Rehabilitation Action Plan (RAP) has been formulated so that after reasonable transition period, the affected families improve, at least regain their previous standard of living, earning capacity and production levels.


   Land Acquisition:  

·        A total of 132.029 Ha. of Private land and forest land has been acquired for VPHEP of which 31.639 Ha is Private Land and 100.39 Ha is Forest Land.


·        The Implementation of Rehabilitation Action Plan (RAP) and R&R related Activities are presently under Progress. The Project has taken over the possession of requisite 31.639 Ha. of Private Land across 7 Villages. Around 94% of Compensation amount has been disbursed by Special Land Acquisition Officer (SLAO). Of the 07 Affected Villages, only one village i.e. Haat is getting relocated.  

·        In village Haat 20.337 Ha land has been acquired. Through District Administration 83 residents households have been identified. 77 families have signed agreement with THDCIL, 77 have constructed houses and 72 have shifted. 54 families have demolished their houses.  

·        The process of extending the Special Package among "Non-Residents" House Owners as per eligibility is underway. District Administration has verified the list of 50 Non-Resident HSO's. The registration has been completed for 22 HSO's & 20 Houses demolished.

 Social Responsibilities:

·        Various skills up-gradation & income restoration programs are being undertaken for livelihood promotion and better employment opportunities for the Project Affected People (PAP). Various Trainings comprising of dairy farming, vermin composing, cutting & tailoring, knitting, kroiler management, Napier grass production, Production of cash crops, promotion of Tulsi for herbal medicines, horticulture activities, bee keeping etc. have been imparted to PAPs. Apart from this, Vocational Trainings in hotel management, skill enhancement activities, etc. are also undertaken, in coordination with various institutes like GMR Foundation, Dr. Reddy Foundation, and Industrial Training Institutes in nearby areas.

·        During August, 2015, knitting and tailoring course of 3 Months duration was started in village Salna. 34 women from village got benefitted. Similar Training commenced among Female PAPs of Haat residents from 8th April, 2016 at Relocation site at Daswana. The Trainer imparting Training has been deputed by Project.

·        The Public Information Center (PIC) established at Gulabkoti has been equipped with computers. A trainer has been engaged by Project & basic training on Computers is being imparted among youths of Gulabkoti & nearby village. Till date around 12 Youths have been benefitted. The local youths 5 in number interested in computers are being imparted training at present. Various community development programs in affected villages are in progress that comprise of; Infrastructure activities, drinking water supply, distribution of generators, school bags, School Uniforms, Sweaters, Solar Lights etc.

·        The Scholarship Policy of VPHEP is in the process of implementation ever since its inception in 2010. Till date, around 709 students that include 382 Girls from Project Affected Villages have been benefitted from the said Scheme. A Cumulative Expenditure of ` 21.40 Lacs stand incurred till academic year 2015-16.

·        The 1st Installment of the Scholarship Policy of VPHEP for the Academic year 2016-17 under Meritorious category has been disbursed among 54 students of which 20 comprise of Girl students. An amount of Rs. 90,000.00 has been incurred under said category.

·        Subsequently, the 1st Installment of the Scholarship under Project Affected and Poor / Vulnerable / Girl Students category for the Academic Year 2016-17 has been disbursed among 41 & 120 Students respectively of which 18 & 86 respectively comprise of Girl Students. An amount of ` 2,21,250 & ` 4,75,750 respectively stand incurred by Project to this effect.


Infrastructure works:

All four bridges, approach roads to bridges, colony area, Dam site and Power house site, have been completed.          

Most of the infrastructure development works have been completed.  

Supply and installation of equipment of dam site sub-station has been completed. Handing over of sub-station to THDCIL is expected shortly. Installation of equipment in Power House Sub-station building by UPCL has been completed.    


7.0   PROJECT STATUS: Project is being executed through two separate EPC contracts and one Design Review Consultancy Package.


1.      Design Review Consultancy:

     Contract Agreement for Design Review Consultancy Package has been signed on 28th Dec-13 with M/S SMEC International Pty Ltd, Australia amounting to INR ` 10 Cr (appx.) and AUS $ 557 thousand (appx.). The work is in progress.  


2.      Civil works and Hydro - Mechanical works :   

      Civil & HM works awarded to M/S HCC Ltd and agreement has been signed on 17.01.2014 amounting to INR 1597 Cr (appx.).

The progress is as under: 

·        River Diversion: Excavation of outlet cut & cover has been completed. Slush deposited during flooding has been removed from Outlet cut & cover portion and lean concreting completed. Raft for 1st part of the inlet cut & cover portion has been completed and Reinforcement work of 2nd Part is in progress. Overt concrete lining completed upto 260.22 m out of 494m. River diversion is now targeted to be achieved by April.'2017.

·        For desilting Chamber- 1, Crown slashing in DC-1 completed in entire length of 390 m. Transition portion slashing completed 23m out of 35m on upstream and 2.5m out of 20m in downstream.

·        For desilting Chamber- 2, crown slashing  completed upto 219 m out of 390m.

·        For desilting Chamber- 3, Pilot tunnel completed in entire length of 390 RM. Crown slashing completed upto 62.5 m out of 390m.

·        Excavation of HRT by DBM from dam site completed upto 72.5 m.

·        Excavation of Offtake adit to intake tunnels (EL 1242m) completed upto 83.5 m.

·        Excavation of Adit to SFT completed upto 28.5m.

·        Excavation of Branch Tunnel-1 (from HRT to DC-1) completed upto 62.5 m.

·        Adit to HRT gate operation chamber has been excavated in a length of 225 m from the portal.   

·        Open excavation in left bank Dam area above EL 1270: There is no progress in open excavation due to non-mobilization of PRW at this front after strike call off by HCC workers.

·        In Power House right side slashing completed upto 69 m & left side slashing completed upto 20.5 m out of 146m. Due to technical reasons, right hand side slashing is on hold and shall be taken up simultaneously with left hand side slashing after completing 69m on left side.    

·        In Transformer hall side slashing is in progress and completed upto 51 m.

·        In Main Access Tunnel (MAT), excavation has been done upto a length of 397.5 RM out of 407 RM.

·        In Adit to TRT, excavation has been done up to a length of 590.5 RM out of 609 RM.

·        Development of TBM Platform (300m x 75 m) is in progress. 95% excavation work has been completed. Superstructure works of DG set is in progress. In the TBM launching adit area, support measures are being taken to stabilize the face.

·        Open excavation in TRT (Tail Race Tunnel): Excavation work at outlet is in progress since 21.11.2016.

·        Excavation in bottom Adit to U/S Surge shaft has been completed in a length of 30.5 m out of 325.5m.

·        Adit to bottom of Downstream Surge Shaft (352m): Excavation completed in 142m length out of 352m .

·        Adit to top of Downstream Surge Shaft (57m): Excavation completed in 21.5m length out of 57m.

·        Honb'le District Court against THDCIL's petitions has passed orders for temporary injunction to restrain the residents of village Haat / Harsaari (Power House site) and Gulabkoti (Dam site) from creating any obstruction. For Gulabkoti (Dam site) last hearing was held on 30.08.16 and decision was given in favour of THDCIL. Next date of hearing for Haat/Harsari (For Power House) is 13.02.2017. For Durgapur village (TRT outlet area), as agreed with the villagers in the meeting with DM on 08.04.2015, required studies are being conducted by NIRM. Villagers have been advised by the Distt. Administration not to stop the work.   

Against THDCIL's petition, temporary injunction has been granted by the Civil Judge on 05.10.16 in Durgapur village also. Next date of hearing is 17.03.2017.   

3. Electro - Mechanical works:

Subsequent to signing of contract agreement with M/s BHEL on 18.11.2014, the progress is as under:

·        Model testing of Turbine has been completed.

·        Power House Station Layout has been approved.

·        Measurement of soil resistivity at five locations (TRT outlet area, Intake tunnel area, Access tunnel area, Cable tunnel, Ventilation tunnel, pothead yard and GIS control area) of project has been conducted, on remaining six locations (Power intake area, Penstock tunnel area, Tailrace tunnel area, Power house and transformer halls, Butterfly valve area and PAC Area), shall be conducted on availability of fronts.

·        Storage space for BHEL has been identified.

·        Crane clearance diagram of EOT crane for Power house, BFV and GIS Hall has been finalized.

·        Design documents/drawings related to Turbine i.e embedded parts, foundation parts, guide apparatus and control gear of turbine etc. has been approved.

·        Design memorandum of generator including drawings and documents i.e. sectional arrangement, loading on foundation, bottom bracket sole plate, thrust bearing assembly etc. are approved single line diagram of 400 kV GIS and Pothead yard is approved.

·        Design Memorandum of HVAC, Passenger Elevator, Illumination system, Earthing system and Documents related to drainage dewatering calculation & diagram are approved.

·        Balance Design and Engineering is in progress.



The expenditure incurred on VPHEP Project till Jan-17 is ` 1016.89 Cr. including IDC & FC of ` 28.94 Cr.



The project was originally conceived to be commissioned within 54 months from the award of Civil and HM works i.e. by July'2018. Contract for Electro-mechanical works could be signed in November'2014 with a completion period of 48 months i.e. by Nov.'2018. As per Master Control Network prepared dovetailing the Civil & HM and EM Works, anticipated commissioning is Dec'19.



During Jan-17, an expenditure of ` 36.05Cr. has been incurred on VPHEP against budget estimate of ` 36.05 Cr.