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Current Status

Vishnugad-Pipalkoti Hydro Electric Project (4x111 MW) is a run-of-the-river scheme. It envisages construction of a 65 M high concrete diversion dam harnessing a gross head of 237 M on river Alaknanda (a major tributary of river Ganga). The project is located in district Chamoli in the state of Uttarakhand, 225 km from Rishikesh on NH-58.


·        Capacity addition of 444 MW in the Northern Region, reducing peaking power shortage in the region.  

·        Annual Design Energy of 1674 MU (90% dependable year).

·        Integrated Development of Chamoli / Garhwal region in the areas of employment, communication, education, health, tourism, development of Flora & Fauna etc.  

·        Out of 13% free power to the home state Uttarakhand, 1% shall be utilized for contribution towards local area development.



Sl. No.

Description of Approvals



Signing of MoU between THDCIL and GoUK for investigation & preparation of DPR



Approval of Commercial viability of the project by CEA.



Signing of Implementation agreement.



Approval of Techno-Economic clearance to the project by CEA.



Investment approval to the project amounting to Rs. 2491.58 Cr (March-08 PL) by CCEA.



Revision in "Minimum Environmental Flow" by MoEF from 3 Cumecs to 15.65 Cumecs. 



Stage-1 clearance of 80.507 Ha forest land by MoEF.



Final approval for transfer of 80.507 Ha of forest land by MoEF. 



Issuance of G.O. for transfer of 80.507 Ha of forest land by GoUK.



Signing of Lease agreement for 80.507 Ha. Forest land.



Declaration of Land (identified for compensatory afforestation) as protected forest in lieu of 80.507 Ha. forest land.




Investment approval to the project amounting to Rs. 2491.58 Cr (March-08 PL) was accorded by CCEA in Aug'2008. Considering the award values of Civil & HM works and Electro-mechanical works, no need has been felt to update the Cost Estimate of VPHEP at present as the project cost is not likely to exceed the approved cost by more than 20% of the sanctioned cost (Rs. 2491.58 Cr.). Mandatory review of the cost shall be done when expenditure amounting to 50% of the approved cost is incurred or it is felt that the cost of project is likely to exceed the approved cost by more than specified limit of 20%.


            Major civil works includes a 65 M high Concrete dam, 13.4 Km long Head Race Tunnel, 3.07 Km long Tail Race Tunnel, Spillways, Underground Power House & Transformer hall,   3 nos. under ground Sedimentation Chambers, U/S and D/S Surge Shafts. The layout plan of the project is enclosed as Exhibit - III.  


Construction of the project is proposed to be funded with a Debt: Equity ratio of 70:30. The Equity portion; 50% is to be shared by THDCIL and remaining 50 % is to be shared by GOI and GOUP in the ratio of 75: 25 respectively.

For the funding of the debt portion (70 %) of the project, loan agreement for US $ 648 million has been signed with World Bank on 10th Aug-11. The loan includes US $ 10 million for Capacity Building and Institutional Strengthening (CBIS).The loan has become effective from 7th Nov-11 with tenure of 29 years.  





·        Geological investigations at all locations of the project and various required studies have been completed.

    Rehabilitation & Resettlement :


THDC India Ltd has formulated a Rehabilitation & Resettlement policy (R&R Policy) for the Vishnugad Pipalkoti Hydro Electric Project. The Policy is based on the National Rehabilitation & Resettlement Policy 2007 (NRRP-2007) incorporating the better features considering the World Bank Guidelines on Involuntary Settlement and needs & expectations of the stakeholders.

The Policy addresses the R&R issues through proactive approach and appropriate Planning on Land Acquisition. Besides disbursement of compensation by Special Land Acquisition Officer (SLAO), the Policy envisages provisions of grants and other benefits considering the categories and the Entitlements.


For effective implementation of R&R policy, Rehabilitation Action Plan (RAP) has been formulated so that after reasonable transition period, the affected families improve, at least regain their previous standard of living, earning capacity and production levels.

   Land Acquisition:  

·        A total of 132.029 Ha. of Private land and forest land has been acquired for VPHEP of which 31.639 Ha is Private Land and 100.39 Ha is Forest Land .

·        The Implementation of Rehabilitation Action Plan (RAP) and R&R related Activities are presently under Progress. The Project has taken over the possession of requisite 31.639 Ha. of Private Land across 7 Villages. Around 88% Title Holders (TH) have received Land Compensation from Special Land Acquisition Officer (SLAO). Of the 07 Affected Villages, only one village i.e. Haat is getting relocated.

·        In village Haat 20.337 Ha land has been acquired. Through District Administration 83 residents households have been identified. 74 families have signed agreement with THDCIL, 74 have constructed houses and 65 have shifted. 45 families have demolished their houses.

·        Meanwhile, it has been agreed to extend the Special Package among "Non-Residents" House Owners also as per eligibility. District Administration has verified the list of 50 Non-Resident HSO's. The registration has been completed for 3 HSO's & Houses demolished as well.

  Social Responsibilities:  

·        Various skills up-gradation & income restoration programs are being undertaken for livelihood promotion and better employment opportunities for the Project Affected People (PAP). Various Trainings comprising of dairy farming, vermin composing, cutting & tailoring, knitting, kroiler management, Napier grass production, Production of cash crops, promotion of Tulsi for herbal medicines, horticulture activities, bee keeping etc. have been imparted to PAPs. Apart from this, Vocational Trainings in hotel management, skill enhancement activities, etc. are also undertaken, in coordination with various institutes like GMR Foundation, Dr. Reddy Foundation, and Industrial Training Institutes in nearby areas.

·        During August, 2015, knitting and tailoring course of 3 Months duration was started in village Salna. 34 women from village got benefitted. Similar Training commenced among Female PAPs of Haat residents from 8th April, 2016 at Relocation site at Daswana. The Trainer imparting Training has been deputed by Project.

·        The Public Information Center (PIC) established at Gulabkoti has been equipped with computers. A trainer has been engaged by Project & basic training on Computers is being imparted among youths of Gulabkoti & nearby village. Till date around 12 Youths have been benefitted. The local youths 5 in number interested in computers are being imparted training at present. Various community development programs in affected villages are in progress that comprise of; Infrastructure activities, drinking water supply, distribution of generators, school bags, School Uniforms, Sweaters, Solar Lights etc.

·        The Scholarship Policy of VPHEP is in the process of implementation ever since its introduction in 2010. An amount of Rs. 1.32 lacs, Rs. 2.49 lacs, Rs. 3.08 lacs & Rs. 3.56 Lacs have been disbursed among Students in accordance of scholarship policy of VPHEP during the academic year 2011-12, 2012-13, 2013-14 & 2014-15 respectively.


·        The 2nd & Final Installment of Scholarship under Meritorious, Project Affected & Poor / Vulnerable / Girl Students Category for the Academic year 2015-16 among 179 Students that comprise of 97 Girls under Project Affected Area of VPHEP has been disbursed. An amount of Rs. 10.95 Lacs stand incurred on Scholarship for Academic year 2015-16.


Till date, around 709 students that include 382 Girls from Project Affected Villages have been benefitted from the Scheme and a Cumulative Expenditure of Rs. 21.40 Lacs incurred.


 Infrastructure works:  

All four bridges, approach roads to bridges, colony area, Dam site and Power house site, have been completed.          

Most of the infrastructure development works have been completed.  

The civil works of Dam Site Substation building has been completed. Supply of equipment has been completed. Installation of equipment is in progress. Installation of equipment in Power House Sub-station building by UPCL has been completed.                                                           

7.0   PROJECT STATUS: Project is being executed through two separate EPC contracts and one Design Review Consultancy Package.


1.      Design Review Consultancy:

     Contract Agreement for Design Review Consultancy Package has been signed on 28th Dec-13 with M/S SMEC International Pty Ltd, Australia amounting to INR ` 10 Cr (appx.) and AUS $ 557 thousand (appx.). The work is in progress.


2.      Civil works and Hydro - Mechanical works :   


      Civil & HM works awarded to M/S HCC Ltd and agreement has been signed on 17.01.2014 amounting to INR 1597 Cr (appx.).

The progress is as under: 

·       Heading & Benching Excavation in the entire length (494 RM) of Diversion tunnel has been completed. Kerb concreting upto 239 m on left side and 255m on right side (out of 494m) completed. Overt concrete lining completed upto 117.7 m. Excavation of Cut & cover at outlet completed and at inlet it is in progress. All HM equipment for River Diversion are ready. River diversion is rescheduled on 8th Dec-16.

·        For desilting Chamber- 1, 100% pilot excavation (390 m) has been completed. Excavation in transition portion has been done in a length of 36.5 m. Crown slashing in DC-1 is in progress and achieved in a length of 133.5 m.

·        For desilting Chamber- 2, 100% pilot excavation (390 m) has been completed. Excavation in u/s transition portion completed upto 29.5m out of 35m & u/s side slashing  completed upto 18 m.

·         For desilting Chamber- 3, Pilot tunnel of 8 m dia. in a total length of 110.6 RM has been excavated out of total 390 RM.

·        In Adit to HRT (Adit - 2), 100% excavation completed on 13th March-16 under Very good rating. Excavation of HRT by DBM from dam site started on 25.03.2016 & completed upto 4m.

·        In Adit to Intake, 100% excavation completed on 26.03.2016.

·      Excavation of Offtake adit to intake tunnels (EL 1242m) started on 10.04.16 and completed upto 11.5m.

·          Excavation of Adit to SFT started on 12.04.16 & completed upto 7.5m.

·          Excavation of Branch Tunnel-1 (from HRT to DC-1) started on 30.03.16 & completed upto 6m.

·          Adit to HRT gate operation chamber has been excavated in a length of 162.5m from the portal.   

·        Open excavation in left bank Dam area above EL 1270 is in progress.

·        In Ventilation Tunnel (VT) / Adit to Power House Top, 100% excavation (415 RM) has been completed on 27.11.2015.

·        Excavation of Pilot Tunnel in Power House could be done only in a length of 108 m out of total length 146m.    

·        Excavation in Branch Adit to transformer Hall Top (from ventilation Tunnel) completed on 05.03.2016. Excavation of Pilot tunnel in Transformer hall completed in a length of 60 m out of 142m. 

·        In Main Access Tunnel (MAT), excavation has been done upto a length of 295 RM out of 407 RM.

·        In Adit to TRT, excavation has been done up to a length of 316 RM out of 609 RM.

·        Development of TBM Platform (300m x 75 m) is in progress. 95% excavation work has been completed. Foundation & cable trench works for DG sets are in progress. Approach road to TBM platform for transportation of TBM is in progress in patches amid resistance by some local residents.

·      Open excavation in TRT (Tail Race Tunnel): Progress in outlet area is affected due to frequent stoppage by local villagers.

·      After completing Portal development works, excavation in bottom Adit to U/S Surge shaft has been completed in a length of 10 m.  

·        Honb'le District Court against THDCIL's petitions has passed orders for temporary injunction to restrain the residents of village Haat / Harsaari (Power House site) and Gulabkoti (Dam site) from creating any obstruction. Next dates of hearing are 03.05.2016 (For dam site) and 18.05.2016 (For Power House). For Durgapur village (TRT outlet area), as agreed with the villagers in the meeting with DM on 08.04.2015, required studies are being conducted by NIRM. Villagers have been advised by the Distt. Administration not to stop the work. A case has been filed against local Durgapur villagers in Honb'le District Court. Next date of hearing is 04.05.2016.   

·        The works at various work fronts were in progress with minor hindrances by the villagers. Works on all the fronts of the project are standstill since 18.04.2016 due to strike by HCC workers due to delay in payment of wages by HCC. Though the payment of wages has been done by HCC on 22.04.2016 but the strike still continued for release of wages not paid to HCC workers during the period work was stopped by villagers in the dam site area from 18.02.2016 to 29.02.2016. The Local workers engaged by HCC are forcibly stopping those workers who are willing to work.   

  3. Electro - Mechanical works:

Subsequent to signing of contract agreement with M/s BHEL on 18.11.2014, the progress is as under:

Model testing of Turbine has been completed. Power House Station Layout has been approved. Measurement of soil resistivity at different locations of project has been conducted. Storage space for BHEL has been identified   Crane clearance diagram of EOT crane for Power house and GIS Hall has been finalized. Balance Design and Engineering is in progress.   



The expenditure incurred on VPHEP Project till April-16 is ` 831.87 Cr. including IDC & FC of   ` 28.94 Cr.



The project was originally conceived to be commissioned within 54 months from the award of Civil and HM works i.e. by July'2018. Contract for Electro-mechanical works could be signed in November'2014 with a completion period of 48 months i. e. by  Nov.'2018. As per Master Control Network prepared dovetailing the Civil & HM and EM Works, anticipated commissioning is Dec'19.



During April-16, an expenditure of ` 7.83 Cr. has been incurred on VPHEP against  budget estimate of ` 28.89Cr.